Course Points

The emergence of new religions in Japan (or to what extent do religions in Japan coexist) ?

Jap 1In contradistinction to many European countries, and to some other areas of the West, where we see relatively high levels of at least nominal religious affiliation, coupled with low levels of participation in religious rites, religion in Japan is characterized by almost universal participation in certain rites and customs, but low levels of self-acknowledged affiliation to any religious group. It is today commonplace to observe that the Japanese are born Shintô, marry as Christians, and die Buddhists. Nearly 90% of the Japanese observe the custom of annual visits to ancestral graves, and 75% have either a Buddhist or Shintô altar in their home. However, only 30% of the population identify themselves as belonging to one of the religions currently active in Japan, despite the fact that these religions themselves claim an overall total membership of nearly twice the actual population of 126 millions.

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Dossier (6): Questions d’actualité : Rites d’Antiquité, rites contestés (la Circoncision)

 Circon 2This Course Point is adapted from Jean-Marc Chouraqui’s (Institut Interuniversitaire d’Etudes et de Culture Juives) class on circumcision, its history, its meanings and the issues related to its practice in Judaism. It provides a case study on multicultural public policies.

Ce texte est issu du séminaire de Jean-Marc Chouraqui dans le cadre de l’Institut Interuniversitaire d’Etudes et de Culture Juives durant les mois de novembre et décembre 2012. Il est ici retranscrit à partir d’un enregistrement et adapté avec son aimable accord.

Introduction

Ce qui a inspiré ce séminaire, ce sont deux faits d’actualité. D’une part, l’année dernière, durant la campagne électorale, M. Fillon, Premier ministre à l’époque, avait tenu des propos qui avaient fait plus que débat, en disant que les religions antiques, anciennes, devaient peut-être penser à se moderniser, par rapport aux rites alimentaires. D’autre part, comme vous le savez, en Allemagne, un tribunal, en appel, a interdit la pratique de la circoncision, suite à un accident qui avait touché un jeune musulman, qui avait été blessé.

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Should the Politicos be telling us how to teach History?

If we tell the truth about the past, then we shall be capable of telling the truth about the present” - Statement by Ken LOACH at the Cannes Film Festival during the presentation of his film “The wind that shakes the Barley”, based on the Irish war of Independence.

Is there any such a thing as “magical” causality, as Carl GUSTAV JUNG once hinted? In any case, something of the sort seems to me to be applicable to two apparently unrelated events: the French no vote at the European referendum and the debate concerning the “Lois mémorielles” (recent acts of France’s Parliament regulating historical commemoration).

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Les Grandes Questions Juives

liens_logo-iecjSéminaire de Monsieur Jean-Marc Chouraqui, Professeur à l'Université de la Méditerranée.

Synthèse

Les grandes questions juives:

L'idée du questionnement est au coeur de l'identité juive. L'importance de la capacité à se poser des questions chez les Juifs peut se comprendre,selon leur tradition, par le fait que les Hébreux seraient un peuple sorti de l'esclavage d'après le récit biblique. Par conséquent, une fois libres, ils auraient le devoir de se poser des questions car la liberté est la capacité de s'exprimer, de poser et de se poser des questions.De nombreux textes de la tradition étayent ce point.
M. Chouraqui aborde trois grandes questions au cours de ses séminaires:

Peuple élu, peuple d'élite?
Terre Promise, Terre permise?
Attendre le messie, est-ce une question juive?

Nous avons assisté aux trois premières séances relatives à la notion souvent source de malentendus de Peuple élu .
Cette notion pose question comme deux autres induites par le concept de monothéisme.

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Pope Pius XI's Crusade for Human Rights and His hidden Encyclical "Humanitas Generis Unitas", against Racism and Anti-Semitism

PXI

In 1938, Pope Pius XI quietly commissioned the drafting of an encyclical by an American Jesuit, John La Farge, author of “Interracial Justice”. The Pope had spoken out several times on the terrible moral evils of these times: exaggerated nationalism, racism and violations of human rights. He was incensed by anti-Semitism. He was encouraged by the German bishops and even begged by Dr. Edith Stein to issue an encyclical. Others within the Vatican urged a more diplomatic course. The Pope died in 1939 with a draft of the encyclical on his desk. The encyclical was never released by the Vatican. Dr. Coppa explores the position of this Pope on anti-Semitism and human rights and seeks to bring Pius XI's long hidden “encyclical” to public attention. Lire la suite... A bibliographical essay by Dr. Coppa, entitled, “The Hidden Encyclical Against Racism and Anti-Semitism Uncovered Once Again!” appears in the January 1998 issue of “The Catholic Historical Review”. The author compares the policies of Pius XI and Pius XII in the essay, “Pope Pius XI's ‘Encyclical,' Humani Generis Unitas Against Racism and Anti-Semitism and the ‘Silence' of Pope Pius XII,” which is scheduled to appears in the autumn 1998 issue of the “Journal of Church and State”.

 

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