Evolution: A Theory of the Living
- Published on 24 January 2012
- Written by Herminie Delanne, Anaëlle Benoit, Edouard Stambul
The topic of this research dossier seems distant from the classical questions of political science and sociology. Nevertheless, a deeper approach to this famous and largely acknowledged theory should convince us that, beyond being an exciting and amazing topic, the theory of species evolution leads us to the core of the most crucial philosophical questions.
This present team work aims at presenting this vast domain of scientific exploration the search for the origins of the living on Earth constitutes. One main goal is to retrace this huge part of the universal history, to relate the story of how life emerges on Earth from microscopic unicellular organisms to an incredible variety of billions of species in an incredible variety of ecosystems. But far from asserting a well-founded and intangible truth, the evolution of species is first of all presented as what it undoubtedly is : a well-known, discussed, affined and contested theory.
Commentary on a Lecture by Étienne Vernaz
- Published on 23 January 2012
- Written by David Martorana, Pierre Depardieu, Jean-Loup Hubert
Étienne Vernaz is a physicist and an evangelical Christian. A researcher at the CEA (Commissariat à l’énergie atomique et au énergies alternatives, a French government agency in charge of nuclear research) and a professor at the INSTN (National Institute of Nuclear Sciences and Technologies), he is one of France's most prominent specialists in nuclear waste processing through vitrification. He was trained as an engineer, has a PhD in chemical physics, and has been awarded several prizes for his activities.
In 2003, the Alliance biblique française (French Biblical Association) organized a “Year of the Bible” during which Dr. Vernaz was asked if he could deliver a lecture about being a Christian researcher. He accepted, and since then has never stopped doing lectures on different aspects of the relations between science and faith. This article is an account of the lecture he delivered on November 18, 2011, at the Martin Luther King Center, Nîmes.
Except a few quotations, the words are ours and contain elements of interpretation. For a more accurate vision of the orator’s opinion, the reader should refer to the transcription of the interview Dr. Vernaz gave us, published on this website. Under no circumstance should the delivered lecture or the present article be regarded as reflecting in any way the scientific stand of the CEAEA nor any other public research agency Dr. Vernaz works with.
Entretien avec Claire Van den Bogaard
- Published on 01 December 2011
- Written by Elise Bois, Coline Jacquelin, Sébastien Sokhn, Matthias Waller
Claire Van den Bogaard
Rédactrice en chef du Passe-Murailles, le bimestriel de l’association GENEPI - Groupement Etudiant National d'Enseignement aux Personnes Incarcérées
In the scope of this work about religion in prison, we have interviewed Claire Van den Bogaard who is the chief editor of Passe-Murailles, the fortnightly published by the French association GENEPI. This association is composed of students who aimed at informing and making people aware of the conditions of life in prison, as well as they provide the detainees with cultural or sportive activities, or instruction backing. In the last issue of Passe-Murailles several pages deal with the theme of religion in prison.
L’incarcération ne signifie pas la négation de l’individu
1. Comment présenteriez-vous en quelques mots votre association ?
Parce que la prison demeure une zone d'ombre pour la société, plus de mille étudiants bénévoles, dans toute la France, s'efforcent chaque année d'agir pour la réinsertion des personnes incarcérées et des mineurs placés sous main de justice. Au sein de l'association GENEPI, ils interviennent chaque semaine en détention et dans les établissements de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse pour faire du soutien scolaire ou animer des activités culturelles, sportives et de loisir. Le GENEPI informe et sensibilise de surcroît l'opinion publique aux problématiques de l'univers carcéral. Il mène une réflexion permanente sur les systèmes pénal et judiciaire. (Se reporter aussi à la page 3 du Passe-Murailles n°32 sur laquelle figure la charte de l'association).
La révolution Egyptienne : Reportage photo
- Published on 18 February 2011
- Written by Jallal Mesbah, Pierre-Olivier Cazenave
Nous avons eu le plaisir de faire la rencontre de Jallal Mesbah, un jeune étudiant qui se trouvait en Egypte pendant la révolution. Conscient de vivre un moment historique, il a accompagné et photographié les manifestants au quotidien place Tahrir et dans les rues de la capitale. Il a accepté de partager avec nous son témoignage et de publier pour World Religion Watch une séléction de ses photos, de les introduire et de les commenter.
Etudiant en "Master 2 Politique Comparée" à l'Institut d'Etudes Politiques d'Aix-en-Provence, j'ai fait le choix de réaliser mon terrain de recherche en Egypte, le pays des pharaons et des pyramides et un des carrefours historiques les plus importants du monde arabe. Bref, autant de raisons qui m'ont encouragé a décoller, en décembre 2010, direction Le Caire, la capitale egyptienne. Entre tourisme, rencontres et entretiens, ma recherche sur les « femmes-juges » semblait se structurer. En me retrouvant par curiosité, ce mardi 25 janvier 2011 sur la place Tahrir, alors que je me dirigais vers mon cours d'arabe, je ne pensais pas être témoin d'une nouvelle page dans l'histoire de l'Egypte . En acceptant sur Facebook de participer à cette manifestation du 25 janvier, tout comme 90 000 égyptiens, j'étais loin d'imaginer l'ampleur du mouvement, la persévérance de la mobilisation et la détermination du peuple égyptien. Malgré des dispositifs sécuritaires dignes d'un film Hollywoodien, le contexte socio-économique en dégradation ces dernières années et l'usure du peuple égyptien ont eu raison de la peur, et ont favorisé des mobilisations de masse.
Secularisation: France and Britain's diverging approaches
- Published on 18 November 2010
- Written by Mathilde Demanesse, Pierre Henry, Cécilia Kabadanian, Julie Mamou
The French model of "laïcité" has to face new challenges, and thus, might have to change, while at the same time partisans of the disestablishing of the Church of England are claiming that the special treatment granted to the ‘national' church should belong to the past. In short, on both shores of the Channel, new social environments are threatening the old compromises.
Why are the French and English models considered to be so different? Is there a different conception of the relations between the State and religion in general? This collaborative essay will offer no more than a French point of view on the relations between churches and State in England and France, plus an attempt to describe all the prejudices that such contrasting positions still give rise to.
The Rastafarian Movement
- Published on 01 October 2009
- Written by Vanina Abram& Ingrid Hamann
Map of Jamaica
Rastafari (or Rastafarianism) is an indigenous African-based religion and a political protest which, in the beginning, was closely associated with Jamaica only. However, with time, it has gained supporters in other countries.
RJM, la Radio Juive de Marseille
- Published on 11 December 2008
- Written by Renaud Cardini, Ludovic Robert
- Published on 18 September 2008
- Written by Lauriane Cauvin, Laure Chaudey
John-Paul II, who died on April 2nd 2005, was a great supporter of Opus Dei: he established Opus Dei as a "personal prelature" on November 28, 1982.
You must have heard of Opus Dei in a conversation without really knowing what it is. This word sounds mysterious and its use by the media makes it even more enigmatic. It appears to most of us to be some secret brotherhood that allegedly acts on the world like a fifth column; that is to say they are said to have power and influence over rulers or people who make decisions without doing so in an official way. A lot of assertions about Opus Dei have been exaggerated, but as we say there is no "smoke without fire" and if some wild allegations have been made about it, there are perhaps some good reasons for doing so. Talking in a thorough way about this organization is quite a wager, there are so many articles, books, reports extant on the topic. That is why we will do no more here than try to expose the main facts and controversies at issue.
Bioethics and the Religions
- Published on 18 September 2008
- Written by Romain BRUC, Alexandre TARDY
|The progress of technology and its application to medical sciences have raised questions about the meaning of such practices. When doctors find out the secrets of life and use them to change the so-called immutable order of reproduction, they act as if they had god-like powers. Especially when human beings are concerned and threatened, the need of ethics becomes urgent. Events such as the cloning of Dolly the sheep have made people think and fear. As it is highly difficult to elaborate secular bioethics (criteria are always polemical), ethics committees ask religious authorities to give advices and point of views. We would to see how various religions react to the problem of bioethics, what are their agreements and disagreements, and whether it is a way for them to recover a role in the public debate.|